The globalization of both migratory flows and radicalism has created a profound problem of governance for national governments seeking to address new terrorist threats and successfully integrate new populations. In response, national governments have pursued a series of policies that collectively amount to the securitization of immigration. These largely consist of a combination of restrictive border controls and efforts to encourage assimilation among landed migrant populations. A question remains, however, regarding to what extent these policies have successfully induced migrant assimilation or fostered radicalism among settled communities. Evidence from the US and Europe suggests that while greater assimilation has resulted in some cases, and some have successfully changed these policies, a fraction of the landed migrant population has been radicalized. Neither the academic nor the policy community understands this linkage very well. A decade after 9/11 it is therefore crucial to ask how securitization has shaped the collective identities and action of migrants, and what the “feedback” effects are on migrant behavior. Building on the findings of existing research, this panel proposes to study this missing link, examining the relationship between security policies and integration policies and how the response of migrant communities shapes those policies.
In addressing the question of the relationship between policies and migrants, participants to this panel propose to take a novel approach in recognizing that migrants or minorities of immigrant origins are not passive receptors of policy and must be included in any model of integration governance. The papers included in this panel thus focus on the mobilization (or lack of) of migrant and minority organizations, as well as their influence in the policy-making processes and government strategies. The objective is to provide a systematic and critical evaluation of the organizations and networks of these populations of (a) their perception of the securitization of immigration and integration; (b) their collective identities and modes of belonging (perception of national identity, racialization, religious identities): (c) the nature, level and scope of the resulting mobilizations (across a spectrum stretching from indifference to assimilation and then on to radicalization) and (d) and the feedback effects that various forms of migrant behavior has on subsequent policies.
Chairs: Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia (Rutgers University) Romain Garbaye (Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3)
Participants: Political Polarization and logics of racialization sur- rounding immigrants in Arizona: Real and imagined security implications.
Jim Cohen (Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3)
Vincent Latour (Universite de Toulouse II Le Mirail)
Romain Garbaye (Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3)
Migrant children in the UK: Official discourses and ambivalent policies on the protection of a vulnerable group.
Catherine Puzzo (Université de Toulouse II Le Mirail)
From top-down securitization of Muslims to bottom-up desecuritization: The feedback effects of grassroot and think-tank mobilization in the prevention of terrorism in the UK.
Claire Arenes (Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3)
Towards the emergence of new modes of integration? Ariane Chebel d’Appollonia, Rutgers University
Discussant: Simon Reich (Rutgers University)